Glucose intolerance has become a global concern that results from abnormalities in glucose metabolism and it is generally categorized into three types namely impaired fasting glucose(IFG), impaired glucose tolerance(IGT), and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Even for people with glucose intolerance condition particularly the prediabetes conditions IFG and IGT need to take urgent measures to prevent progression to the actual disease T2D, which can be prevented or delayed using lifestyle changes such as the diet we take as well as engaging in regular physical exercises. Specifically consuming a healthy diet such as polysaturated fatty acids, fiber-rich food, whole grain, and monosaturated fatty acids together with modifying lifestyle such as losing weight, moderate alcohol intake, and smoking improves glucose tolerance and reduces the risk of developing T2D. There is slow progress in addressing glucose intolerance in the world arena, this has been associated with poor knowledge of the signs and symptoms of the condition and sometimes they are confused with symptoms of other diseases, additionally, people with prediabetes conditions and even healthy people lack sufficient knowledge on preventive measures they can adopt to prevent or slow the progression of these conditions to the actual disease T2D. The article has gathered some essential information about glucose intolerance that you may find interesting, so continue reading the article.
Glucose intolerance encompasses people with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose intolerance where world health organization classifies IFG individuals as people whose fasting blood glucose level are above 6.0 mmol/L where people with IGT are individuals whose blood glucose is over 7.8 mmol/l 2 hours after consuming a 75g glucose. It is important to recognize that the symptoms of glucose intolerance resemble those of type 2 diabetes and they include, dry mouth, blurred vision, loss of body weight due to loss of muscle mass, drowsiness, feeling thirsty, feeling exhausted as well as a feeling of the frequent need to urinate, however, it is not everyone who will get these symptoms and they may not be severe.
There are two ways to treat glucose intolerance and one can combine both or simply one, the first one is a lifestyle change which involves engaging in regular exercise, moderate alcohol consumption, and smoking, for medication most anti-diabetic medication are in tablet form although there are other alternatives people can take.
When it comes to the diet of glucose intolerance persons they are advised to consume a balanced diet that is based on whole-grain food, fiber-rich, consume monosaturated fat, fruits, vegetables, and food low in sugar, salt, and saturated fat. The information above provides some basic understanding of glucose intolerance.